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wavy dots Resources & Research

Glossary of Resources (F-J)

DRAFT FOR COMMENT ONLY

Introduction/context statement required


  F

Fact Sheet
An easy reference, factual guide which lists key attributes of an organisation, event, service, product or issue.

Famille
Short for familiarisation; common term to describe a media tour of a facility or event in order to become familiar with it.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
An instruction set that specifies how files are downloaded or uploaded.

Financial Acquittal Report
Technical Version: a report providing evidence that funds have been expended for the purpose for which they were granted.

Direct documentary evidence such as an auditor's report, copies of invoices and receipts is usually required. Indirect documentary evidence such as reports, newspaper or media articles, and photographs about the project, while usually not required, may also be included.

Plain English Version: a report telling the people who gave you the money how you spent it. Include receipts.

Financial Analyst
A specialist who assesses the value of a company.

Floppy
Informal term for a 3.5” diskette.

Flow Chart
A diagram that indicates with arrows a flow of activity from various points within an organisation.

Focus Groups
Between 8 and 15 people bought together to test something in a discussion based research group.

Formal networks
May involve local inter-agencies, interest and support groups, regional, specialist and peak associations.

Formative Research
Research that feed into the planning stage of a campaign.

Fourth Estate, The
The daily press, so called by Edmund Burke, pointing to the press gallery in the House of Commons (London).

Funding Application Kit / Program Application Kit
Technical Version: a set of documents which generally include general and promotional material about the funding program, Application Forms, Funding Guidelines or Application Guidelines.

Plain English Version: things to help you with completing an application. (Considerable variation in helpfulness - may even increase confusion).

Funding Contract, Funding Deed, Deed of Agreement
Technical Version: a document specifying from whom funding is granted, the recipient of the funding, the terms and conditions under which the funding is granted (including Acquittal and Reporting requirements) and the penalties for non-compliance with the Contract/Deed (considerable variation in length and detail).

Plain English Version: a contract specifying what you can do with the funds and who you should tell as you spend them.

Funding and Sponsorship Sources
Might include:

  • Federal, state and local government agencies which are concerned with CCD (eg. CCD Fund of the Australia Council, the NSW Ministry for the Arts, local councils and Regional Arts Councils);
  • Federal, state and local government agencies which view CCD as one of many activities they support (eg. Department of Community Services, Centrelink, Roads and Traffic Authority, Fire Department, Police Department);
  • Semi-government agencies with a view to CCD as one of the many activities they support (eg. Telstra, TAFE, Universities, schools, hospitals, water boards, etc.); Philanthropic organisations (ie. private, family and corporate trusts and foundations);
  • Privately owned organisations (eg. businesses; private clubs, schools, colleges, hospitals, companies and corporate bodies such as the Chamber of Commerce); Community service organisations (eg. Neighbourhood Community Centres, Youth Centres, Migrant Resource Centres, local Aboriginal Land Councils, Disability support organisations, RSL, Rotary, Lions, Guides, yacht clubs, Scouts, etc;
  • Social action organisations (eg. Women's' Electoral Lobby, Gay Men's' Liberation, Wilderness Society, Landcare).


      G

    Gatekeepers
    The people within a newsroom who make the decisions about what will be published or broadcast and what priority it will receive.

    Gantt Chart
    An easy reference diagram that plots activities against a timeframe with a linear representation.

    Gigabyte (GB)
    A unit of measurement used to describe data quality. One GB is equal to approximately 1 billion bytes.

    Government
    Refers to the three tiers of government; Federal, State and Local.

    Graphical User Interface (GUI)
    Is yhe collection of images and text shown on the display monitor that facilitates the entry of commands and data. Your computer ‘desk top' is a GUI.


      H

    Hard Disk
    An internal data storage device made of hard aluminium disks coated with iron oxide.

    Hard Drive
    A device that enables a computer to read data from and write data to a hard disk.

    Hardware (Computer)
    The physical components of your computer.

    Hertz (Hz)
    A unit of measurement used to describe frequency rate. One hertz is equal to one cycle per second.

    Hyperlinks
    Coloured and underlined hypertext that when clicked provides immediate access to a file, a specific location within a file or a web page.

    Hypertext
    Specially formatted words in a document or on a website that serves as a link to another location.

    Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
    A standard language used for creating and publishing documents on the World Wide Web (www).

    Hypertext Transport Protocol (HTTP)
    An instruction set that specifies how information is published on the internet.


      I

    Icon
    A small picture incorporated into the graphical user interface that represents a link or shortcut to a file, folder or program.

    In-house Practitioner
    A position within an organisation, employed exclusively to work for that organisation.

    Informal networks
    May include other CCD workers, community development workers, community artists, etc.; community groups, trainers, teachers and academics, contacts/friends in policy and funding bodies.

    Information sources
    Can be written, oral, visual and aural and may include research and technical materials about the needs, views or issues at hand (written, graphic or audio-visual), research and general literature about the situation of people and particular groups (written, graphic or audio-visual), written and verbal reports about matter relating to CCD, radio, television and internet reports, stakeholders, specialists.

    In-Kind Support
    Few CCD activities could take place without access to free services, materials, venues, promotion, equipment and labour. This is referred to as 'in-kind' because it is effectively non-cash sponsorship. Funding bodies and host organisations are often require a measurement of the value of such support.

    Interview Grab
    A selected part of an interview used in the final version of a broadcast news story.

    Integrated Marketing Communication (IMC)
    The bringing together of various communication functions to provide a unified approach to marketing.

    Interactive
    A term used to describe a computer program that immediately reacts to commands from the user.

    Internal Communication
    Communication within an organisation.

    Internet
    Is the largest decentralised computer network in the world. Every computer or network that is linked to the internet uses TCP/IP.

    Internet Service Provider (ISP)
    A business organisation that provides Internet access through a dial up networking or dedicated service line access.

    Intranet
    An information site usually implemented by business, schools or other large institutions (Australia Council), designed to provide information to the members. An intranet can be thought of as a smaller private version of the World Wide Web.

    Inverted Pyramid
    The most commonly used style of writing in newspapers, with information written in descending order of importance, with key features in the first paragraph or ‘lead'.

    Issues Tracking
    Following issues within the community through listening, watching and monitoring media and public opinion.


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